Technology

What Can Be Made from One Barrel of Oil?

Oil gets a bad rap these days, but the stuff is actually quite incredible.

Many people think of crude oil as a thick, black liquid that is used to source our unquenchable thirst for gasoline. However, the reality is that each barrel of oil is refined to be used in a variety of applications that includes fuel, cosmetics, plastics, rubber, and candle wax.

Today’s infographic comes from JWN Energy, an oil and gas news site. Using Chevron as a source, it shows 17 different things that can be made from each barrel of oil.

Here is everything that can be made from just one barrel of oil:

  • Enough gasoline to drive a medium-sized car over 450km (280 miles).
  • Enough distillate fuel to drive a large truck for almost 65km (40 miles). If jet fuel fraction is included, that same truck can run nearly 80km (50 miles).
  • Nearly 70 kWh of electricity at a power plant generated by residual fuel.
  • About 1.8 kg (4 lbs) of charcoal briquettes.
  • Enough propane to fill 12 small (14.1 ounce) cylinders for home, camping or workshop use.
  • Asphalt to make about 3.8 L (one gallon) of tar for patching roofs or streets.
  • Lubricants to make about a 0.95 L (one quart) of motor oil.
  • Wax for 170 birthday candles or 27 wax crayons.

But that’s not all. After producing all of the above products, there’s also enough petrochemicals leftover to be used as a base for one of the following:

  • 39 polyester shirts
  • 750 pocket combs
  • 540 toothbrushes
  • 65 plastic dustpans
  • 23 hula hoops
  • 65 plastic drinking cups
  • 195 one-cup measuring cups
  • 11 plastic telephone housings
  • 135 four-inch rubber balls

Oil is not a one-trick pony, and the gooey black liquid actually has thousands of applications. The above serves as one example of how a barrel could be used, but here’s a list of many other oil applications. It includes everything from guitar strings to antihistamines.

Whatever your opinion is of fossil fuels, it’s still pretty astonishing what can be produced out of each barrel of oil.

Courtesy of: Visual Capitalist

 

Sometimes, the right equipment is a spoon

It pays to have the right tool.

That’s the lesson high school students in San Antonio, Texas, learned during an Energy4me workshop. Nearly 100 students competed in the hands-on activity, which challenges them to produce and refine the most amount of oil in the quickest time with the least (or no) amount of spillage or other complications.

Just like real life!

During the activity, students can purchase or exchange various tools that represent advancing technologies in oil and gas exploration. In one game, they learn about exploration, project management and negotiating.

“I loved the peak oil game because it taught me the importance of having the right equipment and right team when doing a task,” one student said.

The Society of Petroleum Engineers conducts Energy4me workshops and presentations all over the world. Through extensive use of hands-on activities, this innovating program, working in conjunction with the NEED project, encourages students to study engineering. In particular, the peak oil game teaches students the value of exploring for and producing hydrocarbons.

Studies prove that hands-on activities create connections between the classroom and real-world situations. This style of teaching also nurtures critical thinking and problem-solving skills, which are traits that many employers value.

“The Energy4me workshops not only are a lot of fun for the students, but they also are incredibly educational,” said Mary Spruill, NEED executive director. “Because we use hands-on activities, students do not passively listen to a lecture; they must think through a problem or situation. They learn that they can interpret data, which is a fundamental skill for engineers.”

After completing the activity portion of the workshop, students were then treated to a tour of the exhibition floor where they see all of the technology they just learned. The tour is a true highlight of the workshop and the only way that students can access an SPE exhibit floor.

At the same time, the students were learning about oil and gas, 20 science teachers took part in a separate workshop. Energy4me believes that if we educate a teacher, we educate generations of aspiring engineers.

A 5th grade science teacher said, “I now see the importance of combining hands-on experiments with theory to help increase students understanding.”

Teachers receive a free digital version of the Energy4me teacher kit, which includes many resources that they can take back to the classroom. Teachers also get an exhibition tour.

 

 

2014 APOGCE Education & Teachers’ Day Strikes a Chord

We’ve been traveling worldwide this fall bringing energy education to teachers and students. In October, we visited Calgary, Moscow, Adelaide and Amsterdam! Hear from one of our amazing SPE member volunteers as she shares about the high school student event in South Australia:

Helena Wu (Santos), SPE South Australian Section Vice Chair

On Wednesday 15th October, students and teachers from 7 local schools participated in an Education & Teachers’ Day held in Adelaide, Australia.  The event aimed to introduce high school students in grades 9 and 10 and their teachers, to Petroleum Engineering and the broader oil and gas industry.

The one day event was organised in conjunction with the 2014 Asia Pacific Oil & Gas Conference and Exhibition (APOGCE), held at the Adelaide Convention Centre from 14-16 October 2014.

“A teacher has since informed us that after attending this event, at least two of his students had switched to include STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) subjects in their Year 11 enrolment next year,” said James Griffiths, 2014 APOGCE Education & Teachers’ Day Chairperson, and South Australian Section Community Liaison Chair.  “We were extremely pleased to hear the event has made a difference,” he added.

“The diversity in student participation was also encouraging, with 35% females and 65% males, as well as 3 public schools and 4 private schools participating,” James said.

The day kicked off with a welcome from 2016 SPE President Dr Nathan Meehan, who broke the ice by demonstrating his juggling abilities while sharing insights on the industry.

2

Students receiving a frac lesson directly from Nathan the ‘Fracmeister’!

After a quick ‘Mythbusters’ quiz designed to challenge common misconceptions, local SPE members Carrie Trembath (Beach Energy) and Steven Travers (Baker Hughes) explained how oil and gas is discovered, extracted and turned into everyday end products.

A number of hands on activities followed to reinforce concepts learnt and to spark interest – these included a close look at core samples (Nick Lemon, Santos), mixing frac fluids (Mary McGowen and team, Halliburton) and an intense Energy4Me game (Jenni and Lou, SPE).

4

Give that bottle a good shake!

9

Students may choose to invest in ‘better technology’ to ‘extract’ petroleum in the Peak Oil game.

Over lunch, young professionals David Warren and Helena Wu (Santos) shared stories on why they studied engineering and their career journeys to date.

In the afternoon, students toured the 700+ sqm exhibition area in small groups guided by local SPE members.  This provided the opportunity for students to see first-hand, some of the high-end technologies developed by engineers and used within our industry.

11

Students getting talks on ‘Downhole Tools 101’.

Inspired (and loaded with freebies), the day concluded with a presentation on school subject choices recommended for engineering and a quick Q&A and Feedback session.

The Teachers’ Day programme was split off in the afternoon, to enable teachers to receive comprehensive, objective information about the scientific concepts of energy and its importance in society.

Special sessions were organised resulting in the teachers spending time with 2016 SPE President Dr Nathan Meehan and SPE Energy4Me instructors, Jenni and Lou, who flew in from Texas and Dubai for this event.  A higher level exhibition tour was also conducted.

The SPE South Australian Section would like to acknowledge and thank James Griffiths (Santos) and Nicole Ditty (University of Adelaide) for their hard work and dedication over the past 18 months to make the event an absolute success.

Further information on 2014 APOGCE Education & Teachers’ Day is available at: http://www.spe.org/events/apogce/2014/pages/schedule/education_day.php

 

Educating the Future at OTC 2014!

The 2014 Offshore Technology Conference hosted the largest Energy Education Institute ever this year, attending over 150 teachers and 200 students!  With help from the National Energy Education Development Project (NEED) , we were able to get everyone involved to learn more about the oil and gas industry, the future of energy, and the careers available.

Students started their day with activities that relate to energy, oil and gas exploration, and production.  They performed experiments about density, core sampling, and horizontal well drilling, to name a few.  Next industry professionals took them on the exhibition floor on an energy scavenger hunt.  Here they saw the latest technology being used in the industry; spoke to industry professionals, and learned about different careers that are critical to our nation’s energy production.

Teachers came to OTC eager to learn about the industry and what they can do to prepare their students for jobs in the future.

Sponsored by ExxonMobil, exxonmobiltm_135x75the teachers began their day listening to an exciting keynote presentation given by Dr. Helge Hove Haldorsen.  Helge talked about the critical role the four “E’s” will play in the global energy demand and supply; Energy, Economics, Environment, and the pillar of all the energy “E’s”, Education.   They too were able to tour the exhibition floor and learned how to incorporate hands on energy lessons into their classrooms.

teacher-tour

Check out the video from this year’s exciting workshop here, and if you missed out on attending, look for registration to open for 2015 in January.  Did you attend this year?  Let us know what your favorite part of the workshop was by leaving a comment or visit us on Facebook or  Twitter!

Engineers Week February 16-22, 2014

DE_logo_Eweek_horizontal

Join us in celebrating Engineers Week! This year’s theme is Discover Engineering – Let’s Make a Difference. There is a wealth of resources for teachers, students, and volunteers to celebrate the event, and we have picked some of our favorites!

For Teachers: The Discover E website is full of activities and videos to use in your classroom. Design, aerospace, computer science, environmental and energy engineering are all types of projects included in the list. Here is engineering principles with Slinky Science, electrical circuits with the Power of Graphene, and chemical reactions with Catalysis: Change for the Better. The full list is HERE!

For Students: Check out the Career Outlook on engineering; the average salary for engineers in 2011 was $99,738, and the field of engineering is expected to grow by 10 percent in the next ten years! Engineering Careers explores the many industries looking for new graduates. Remember, Energy4me has a full list of petroleum engineering schools and programs HERE!

Girl Day: Formerly known as Introduce a Girl to Engineering Day, Girl Day celebrates the importance of girls in engineering. Great role models and mentors are shaping future engineers during events on February 20. Find an Idea Starter to get involved.

Engineering Challenges: Always a quick activity to encourage teamwork and creativity, while fostering the love of science in kids! One of the 2013-2014 Albert Einstein Fellows, James Town, posted some classroom challenges that are cheap, easy, and great for Engineers Week. Find his full post HERE, but we’re sharing what he says about his best design ideas:

Best Helicopter Challenge:

Materials: Paper, Scissors, Paper clips, Stopwatch (optional)

Students cut out their Bunny Copter and go through the design process to improve it.  I usually host the Eweek events at lunch so there is a natural design cut off.  Then drop the copters head-to-head (or keep a running total of best times) to determine the winner.  I make copies of the Bunny Copter Challenge from PBS Kids.

Best Boat Challenge:

Materials: 1’x1’ squares of aluminum; Something small, but kind of heavy that you can get a lot of (like dice or pennies); Buckets of water

Students craft a boat out of the aluminum foil (and only the aluminum foil) and try to keep the maximum amount of pennies afloat with their boat.  Each trial they redesign and make it better.  (Idea from Jefferson Labs)

Best Airplane Challenge:

Materials: Paper

Students make paper airplanes and try to make one that goes the furthest.

Best Jet Car Challenge:

Materials: Toy cars (e.g. Matchbox cars), Balloons, Straws, Tape, Paper clips

Admittedly, this one has the highest initial cost, but it also is the coolest.  Students need to make the car go as far as possible passed the starting line.  I always emphasize they cannot interact with it in any way once it passes the starting line.  For extra engagement, the winner can keep their car.  I originally got the idea from the e-week website run by American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

 

We’d want to hear your plans for Engineers Week! Share with us in the comments or visit us on Facebook www.Facebook.com/Energy4meYou can also connect with us on Twitter at www.Twitter.com/Energy4me!

 

Inspiring Future Engineers in Qatar

 

Last year Energy4me hosted workshops all over the world, and this year is no different! To kick off our 2014 calendar we traveled to Doha, Qatar to host two workshops in conjunction with the International Petroleum and Technology Conference. Our first workshop focused on connecting local teachers with lessons about energy. Teachers spent the day learning how to connect hands-on science experiments to the oil and gas industry. They were able to participate in each activity and understand how to adapt it to fit their classroom.

IPTC-Teachers

Teachers Workshop 

For the second workshop, we brought the teachers back, but this time they brought their students with them. Students listened to young professionals from the oil and gas industry speak about how they were inspired to choose a career in engineering.  They continued learning about the industry and the many career opportunities available to them by taking a tour of the conference exhibition. There they visited with a variety of companies, asking great questions, and seeing first-hand some of the latest technologies in use. Last, but certainly not least, the students got hands-on with the experiments, including learning about core samples, density, perforated well casings, and much more.

522443_10153785188530235_2022000676_n

Teachers with their students

Future teacher workshops this year include Oman at the Oil and Gas West Asia Exhibition and Conference, Houston at the Offshore and Technology Conference (OTC) Energy Education Institute, and Calgary at the Heavy Oil Conference!

Where would you like to see us hold a workshop?

Leave your suggestion in the comments.  

Join the conversation on Facebook— www.Facebook.com/Energy4me.

You can also connect with us on Twitter at www.Twitter.com/Energy4me!

Hydraulic Fracturing, the Facts

shale_gas_poster_preview

Did you know that hydraulic fracturing has been around since the 1940’s?  Lately we have been receiving a lot of questions about hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking” so we thought it would be a great time to pass along some reliable resources and fast facts you can use in your classroom. 

Presented by the Society of Petroleum Engineers is a brand new resource called Hydraulic Fracturing.  Here you can find the facts behind the process that is helping to unlock oil and natural gas that is trapped within small spaces in the rocks below our feet (way below our feet, between 3,000 and 6,000 feet down!).  You can also check out the media center for recent articles and videos about hydraulic fracturing.

Other great resources we have come across include the U.S Department of Energy’s  free graphic poster that you can request hard copies of to display in your classroom and the National Energy Education Development Project (NEED) unit called Exploring Oil and Gas.  This unit is free to download and full of wonderful lessons; all correlated to the National Science Education Standards.

So get informed and get ready to explore how the industry 

Need-logo

has innovated one of the ways they will uncover our future energy source. 

You can connect with us on Twitter at www.Twitter.com/Energy4me

Join the conversation on Facebook— www.Facebook.com/Energy4me.

 

 

 

31b427840dThis school year is well underway and we’re getting close to the holidays when kids tend to lose their focus.  Grab their attention back with some awesome hands on STEM activities. Need a few ideas?  Check out this great site from the people at PBS, Design Squad Nation. This resource is full of different engineering challenges, animations, videos, and episodes of kids taking on real-world engineering challenges. 

 

icon-zipline

A classroom favorite, Zip Line, gets your students thinking about friction, center of gravity, and much more while they design a contraption that will carry a ping pong ball down a zip line.  Need help explaining center of gravity?  Check out the short animation they have to help give the kids a visual!

 

Most activities come with lesson plans and handouts in English and Spanish, as well as materials list to make planning that much easier.  Give it a try and join the conversation on Facebook to let us know how it went in your classroom!

Join the conversation on Facebook— www.Facebook.com/Energy4me.

You can also connect with us on Twitter at www.Twitter.com/Energy4me!

Aberdeen Teachers Link with Local Industry

The Energy4me team recently visited Aberdeen as part of the Offshore Europe Conference and Exhibition and invited primary and secondary teachers from Aberdeen City and Aberdeenshire to a day of energy education. Groups of teachers spent the morning on the exhibition floor as companies allowed them to explore the technologies on display and ask questions about careers in the industry. Many links to industry contacts were made for future classroom visits – teachers were excited to share the opportunities with their students!

20130905_132653P1130730

 

Energy4me hands-on science lessons were adapted for the Scotland Curriculum for Excellence by Aberdeen City Council and Satrosphere Science Centre. These lessons were presented to teachers, and they spent the afternoon exploring the activities to bring back to their own classrooms. Teachers were able to model drilling for oil, take core samples of layers of organic material, and engage in other methods of teaching the process of oil and gas exploration and production. 

Teachers were eager to take the lessons back to their students, and hopefully encourage some young minds to discover the possibilities of a future career in energy!

Check out the lessons adapted for the Curriculum of Excellence HERE. For future Energy4me Teacher Programs, visit HERE!

 

Join the conversation on Facebook— www.Facebook.com/Energy4me. You can also connect with us on Twitter at www.Twitter.com/Energy4me!

2013 is All About Energy Education!

 

2013 is under way and from Energy4me’s perspective, we plan on it being one where we continue to bring energy education to the classroom by educating teachers and students! That fact will be demonstrated at the annual Offshore Technology Conference – which takes place 6-9 May 2013 at Reliant Park, Houston, Texas, USA. www.OTCnet.org

For Houston-area educators, as part of the Energy Education Institute, learn ways to energize your classroom at the teacher workshop (grades 4-12) or bring your students (ages 15 or older) to OTC for an exciting STEM event that will showcase, firsthand, the exciting opportunities the oil and gas industry can offer. IMG9256-M

Live in the Houston-area? Want to be a part of this exciting opportunity? Send us an email to energyeducation@otcnet.org to register. There is no cost for the teacher workshop or HS STEM event.

 

Join the conversation on Facebook— www.Facebook.com/Energy4me. You can also connect with us on Twitter at www.Twitter.com/Energy4me!